Vilnius City Municipal Government
Phone: +370 5 211 25 16 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting +370 5 211 25 16 end_of_the_skype_highlighting
Vilnius is the capital of the Republic of Lithuania and the largest administrative heart with all major political, economic, social and cultural centres. Lithuania is a member of the EU, it borders the Baltic Sea, Latvia, Belarus, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad).
Current area of Vilnius is about 400 square km. Buildings cover about 29% of the city and the remaining area is prevailed with the forestry purpose land (36 %) , agricultural land ( 33%), land of recreational purpose and public spaces (2 %), waters ( about 3 %).
History reveals that Vilnius was first mentioned in 1323 by the Grand Duke Gediminas, who sent numerous letters to Western Europe inviting traders and craftsmen of all nationalities and religious confessions to settle in the city. Now Vilnius is the largest city in the country, with the population of approximately 560 thousand, according to the data of 2001-2009. Ethnically Vilnius community comprises 57,8% of Lithuanians, 18,7% of Poles, 14% of Russians, 4% of Byelorussians, 0.5% of Jews and the remaining 5% of other nationalities.
The Old Town, historical centre of Vilnius, is one of the largest in Eastern Europe (360 ha). The most valuable historic and cultural heritage is concentrated here. The buildings in the Old Town—there are about 1.5 thousand of them—were built in a number of different centuries, therefore, it is a mixture of all European architectural styles. Although Vilnius is often called a Baroque city, here you will also find masterpieces of Gothic, monuments of Renaissance, Neoclassicism and other styles. The main sights of the city are the Gediminas Castle, the Cathedral Square—symbols of the capital—and the historic centre, the Old Town of Vilnius, which in 1994 was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
B-Team project area – Park of Architecture
Park of Architecture – conversion territory of 78 ha in the central part of Vilnius city
Former water industry territory since 18’th century in the historical suburb of Vilnius city: developed channels system, watermills, laundries, tanners guild quarter. During 50 years of soviet era the territory had changed dramatically: after the II World war the industrial zone was developing very quickly – huge industrial buildings did not match with natural and architectural environment. After the re-establishment of independence some factories have been closed. Territory’s soil is contaminated (former electrical meters production as well as fur, textile and cement production). Today the site is abandoned and is ready for a new shape and function. A former soviet industry territory, which borders with historical Vilnius old town and beautiful nature of Pavilniai regional park, surrounded by Vilnia river. A striking contrast between neighbouring prosperous architectural background and current decay of the industrial territory has encouraged a conversion. Principles of spatial development will be implemented in the whole territory of revitalization. The Municipality will have a huge challenge to reconcile interests of all owners of the territory during the process of conversion and to ensure the interests of the future residents. The final goal: to reintegrate a degraded territory into the city’s tissue and to build a multifunctional quarter according to the principles of the sustainable development. Modern architecture, innovative technologies, environmental solutions, social and cultural aspects will dominate in the Park of Architecture.